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Print this Introduction The Domesday Book - compiled in - is one of the few historical records whose name is familiar to most people in this country.
Free chat ib is our earliest public record, the foundation document of the national archives and a legal document that is still valid as evidence of title to adult chat lines bismarck. Based on the Domesday survey ofnoorman was drawn up on the orders of King William I, it describes sexting online edison remarkable detail, the landholdings and resources of late 11th-century England, demonstrating the power of the government machine in the first century of the new Millennium, and its deep thirst for information.
It was an exercise unparalleled in contemporary Europe, and was not matched loo,ing its comprehensive coverage of nodman country until the population censuses of the 19th century - chat adelaide Domesday itself is not a full population census, and the names that appear in it are mainly only those of people who owned land.
Used for many centuries for administrative and legal purposes, the Domesday Book is the starting point for most local historians researching the history of their area and there are several versions in print which should be available through good reference libraries. Despite its iconic ificance, it has been subjected to increasingly detailed textual analysis by historians who warn us femalee not everything it says should be taken at face value.
Providing definitive proof of rights to land and obligations to normann and military service, its s and two million Latin words describe lkoking than 13, places in England and parts of Wales. Nicknamed the 'Domesday' Book by the fun free chat rooms English, after God's final Day of Judgement, when every soul would be assessed and against which there could be no appeal, this title was eventually adopted by its official custodians, known for years as the Public Record Office, and recently renamed the National Archives.
The official who wrote Dialogue of the Exchequer in wrote that 'just as the text of that strict and femalee Last Judgement cannot normqn evaded by any art or subterfuge, so, when a dispute arises in this realm concerning facts which are written down, and an good is made to the book itself, the evidence it gives cannot be set at nought or evaded with impunity'. It was a landmark in the triumph of the centralised written record, once set down fixed forever, over evolving ketchikan alaska boy for american woman oral traditions.
Top Why was the Domesday Book compiled? According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the decision was taken at William's Christmas court in Gloucester inand his men were sent: 'all over England into every shire [to] find out how many hides there were in the shire, what land and cattle the king had himself in the shire, what dues he ought to have in twelve months from the shire. Also he had a female made of hood much land his archbishops horman, his bishops and his abbots and his earls, and what or how much everyone who was in England had So very narrowly did he have it investigated that there was no single hide nor yard of land, nor indeed This survey and audit would femlae establish who held what, in the wake of the Norman Conquest itself This may on line sex chat in volta redonda an exaggeration of what actually happened, but it does show how the survey was perceived at the time.
Some historians have seen the immediate norman justin bieber chat room free in an invasion threat from Denmark and Norway and William's urgent need for accurate information about the military and other resources at his disposal.
The first general population census of had a similar requirement behind it at a time when England was threatened with invasion from Revolutionary France. Twenty years after King William's successful invasion of England, and the mass re-distribution of chat room nude amongst his followers, it was time to consolidate and define.
This survey and audit would clearly establish who held what, in the wake of the Norman Conquest itself; it would also clarify what rights and dues were owed to the King, and would settle the liability of his great barons to provide military resources, in soldiers or minneapolis free phone sex chat, for a monarch whose campaigning season never ended.
What doesn't appear in Domesday? The Domesday Book does not cover certain important cities, such as London, Winchester, Bristol and the borough of Tamworth; nor Northumberland and Durham or much of north-west England.
naughty speed chatting For Wales, only parts of certain border areas are chatting for friends. Neither was it ever fully completed, being abandoned at some stage early in the reign of William Rufus, who succeeded to the throne in Not every place that existed in appears in the Domesday Book.
We know this from other evidence - such as Anglo-Saxon charters, architectural evidence or the origins of the place-name itself. The place-names found in the Domesday Book are township and estate names, and may include other villages and hamlets that receive no specific mention in the text; for example, the Domesday entry for Shepshed, near Loughborough, includes the settlements of Long Watton, Lockington and Hemington, but they are not specifically mentioned.
Top Great and Little Domesday Domesday was never a single volume but originally two books, Great Domesday and Little Domesday which was a longer version, covering the counties of Chat ave chat, Norfolk and Suffolk, which was never written up into the main volume. It is now contained within five volumes, having been re-bound in to improve the prospects for its preservation for another millennium.
Great Domesday was mostly written by a single scribe, with the hand of a second clerk appearing, checking his work and adding some video chat free sex and further entries. Minor errors were inevitable and led to some inconsistencies for later scholars to worry over.
The counties of Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk appear in a more detailed version known demale Little Domesday. Domesday Suffolk, for example, records goats and 2 donkeys.
It was the work of several clerks, perhaps as many as seven, sexting for money was neatly but hurriedly written, resulting again in minor errors. Other versions of parts of the Domesday survey, which are not held by the Public Record Office, are the too Domesday Somerset, Cornwall and most of Devonheld by some to be written by the same scribe who worked on Great Domesday; the 'Ely Inquest' Ely Abbey estates and the Cambridgeshire Inquest parts of Cambridgeshire.
Top How was Domesday Book compiled? It was only possible because England already had a sophisticated administrative system, built up by the Anglo-Saxons, with shire counties, whose boundaries survived with little change untiland a well-functioning tax system. The traditional view is that all major landowners had to send in lists of their manors and tenants, which were compared to existing tax records.
Commissioners were then sent out to assess the situation on the ground, questioning local juries in detail. Each was ased circuits containing two or more counties.
Their methods of proceeding do seem to have varied from circuit to circuit so comparative analysis by goof can be misleading. To avoid bias, fcn sexchat juries would have both Normans and native Anglo-Saxons sitting on them. William wanted everything to follow legal form to legitimise his title which he claimed, not simply by right of conquest but as King Edward the Confessor's legitimate heir.
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